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Community Resources for Justice, Inc.

 355 Boylston Street
 Boston, MA 02116
[P] (617) 482-2520 x 112
[F] (617) 2628054
[email protected]
John Larivee
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 Printable Profile (Summary / Full)
EIN 04-3461434

LAST UPDATED: 08/16/2018
Organization DBA --
Former Names --
Organization received a competitive grant from the Boston Foundation in the past five years Yes



Mission StatementMORE »

We change lives and strengthen communities by advancing policy and delivering individualized services that promote safety, justice, and inclusion.

Mission Statement

We change lives and strengthen communities by advancing policy and delivering individualized services that promote safety, justice, and inclusion.

FinancialsMORE »

Fiscal Year July 01, 2018 to June 30, 2019
Projected Income $47,847,512.00
Projected Expense $47,206,295.00

ProgramsMORE »

  • Community Strategies
  • Crime & Justice Institute
  • Social Justice Services

Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2017 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2016 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2015 (%)

For more details regarding the organization's financial information, select the financial tab and review available comments.


Mission Statement

We change lives and strengthen communities by advancing policy and delivering individualized services that promote safety, justice, and inclusion.

Background Statement

For more than 130 years, Community Resources for Justice (CRJ) has been working with some of society's most challenged citizens. Our charitable business is recognized locally, regionally, and across the nation as a unique blend of direct service delivery and national-scale policy development work.
CRJ is organized in three, distinct areas of professional practice:


1. Through our COMMUNITY STRATEGIES program, we offer adults with developmental and intellectual disabilities the chance to flourish while living in the community. Organized in small residences operating in scores of communities, our consumers thrive when provided an opportunity to live in a caring, home-based setting rather than a large institutional facility.


2. Our SOCIAL JUSTICE SERVICES programs are  a nationally recognized leader in providing cost-effective and efficient services for women and men scheduled to be released from incarceration that help ensure their successful transition back to their communities and families. SJS program models are rooted in evidence-based practice, providing life-skill improvements, employment coaching and skills training, parenting classes, and related programs.


3. The CRIME AND JUSTICE INSTITUTE provides nonpartisan policy analysis, consulting, and research services to improve public safety throughout the country. With a reputation built over many decades for innovative thinking, unbiased issue analysis, and effective policy advocacy, CJI’s strength lies in our ability to bridge the gap between research, policy, and practice in public institutions and communities, and provide evidence-based, results-driven recommendations.


Impact Statement

Selected top accomplishments for FY17:
  1. We opened a new, federal residential reentry center ("halfway house") in Pawtucket, RI - the first one in the state. 
  2. Our Crime and Justice Institute (CJI) assisted the state of Utah's inter-branch task force in developing a report and recommendations to the governor and legislature which resulted the passing of major legislation to align their juvenile justice system with evidence-based practice that will reduce recidivism and save money.
  3. CJI also assisted South Dakota's Task Force on Community Justice and Mental Illness Early Prevention in drafting legislation, now signed into law, 


  • Provides tools to law enforcement and communities to address mental health crises early and prevent jail admissions;
  • Expedites the completion of competency exams ensuring speedier court processing and shorter jail stays;
  • Strengthens opportunities to divert people from the criminal justice system into mental health treatment;
  • Improves access to treatment of those with mental illness in criminal justice system through training and studying treatment options; and
  • Requires stakeholders to continue to identify ways to improve criminal justice responses for those with mental illness.
 Note: CJI is working as well to bring this expertise to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to encourage criminal justice reforms that are evidence-based, that improve outcomes, and that save money to be reinvested in other policy initiatives that keep the CJ system fair and effective, and keep communities safe. 

The top three goals for FY18:
  1. Invest in a collaborative, high performing culture;
  2. Prepare and support our programs, services, and future leaders;
  3. Continue to grow with care and concern for sustainability.  

Needs Statement

We have the need to grow. Our ambitious strategic plan calls for significant increases in direct program service delivery, both in this region and other parts of the country. There are people in need of the services, supports, and programs we offer.

We need to secure private support to help to underwrite our ambitions.
We aspire to be first-and best-in-class in program delivery. We are unable to accomplish this using existing contract funding, so we seek philanthropic investors that will help us achieve this agenda.

Our business model for receiving payments for service needs to evolve.
Health care reimbursement reform, state budget pressures, and other funding concerns are re-inventing payment models for service providers. We must transition from a model in place for many years to a very different way to conduct business.

We must reduce staff turnover.
The work we do is hard, grinding work that leads too easily to “burnout” and staff resignation. This can be addressed by better training, skilled supervision, creating career advancement paths, and more sophisticated scheduling models.


CEO Statement


Board Chair Statement


Geographic Area Served

City of Boston- Citywide (Indiv. neighborhoods also listed)
City of Boston- Allston/ Brighton
City of Boston- Back Bay
City of Boston- Beacon Hill/ West End
City of Boston- Charlestown
City of Boston- Chinatown/ Leather District
City of Boston- North Dorchester
City of Boston- South Dorchester
City of Boston- Downtown
City of Boston- East Boston
City of Boston- Fenway/ Kenmore
City of Boston- Hyde Park
City of Boston- Jamaica Plain
City of Boston- Mattapan
City of Boston- Mission Hill
City of Boston- North End
City of Boston- Roslindale
City of Boston- Roxbury
City of Boston- South Boston
City of Boston- South End/Bay Village
City of Boston- West Roxbury
CRJ is headquarted in Boston, but provides direct services programs in Massachusetts, New Hampshire,  Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New York. We also provide nonpartisan policy analysis, consulting, and research services throughout the United States.

Organization Categories

  1. Human Services - Developmentally Disabled Services/Centers
  2. Crime & Legal - Related - Rehabilitation Services for Offenders
  3. Public & Societal Benefit - Research Institutes and/or Public Policy Analysis

Independent research has been conducted on this organization's theory of change or on the effectiveness of this organization's program(s)



Community Strategies

Community Strategies provides individuals with developmental or intellectual disabilities, with specialized residential or community-based services. We are currently providing services in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vermont and Connecticut. Our services are designed to meet the specific needs of the individual and usually take the shape of shared living, congregate residential living, day programming and supported apartments. We bring a unique combination of a clear understanding of people with developmental disabilities as well as competence in treatment of the mental health issues that frequently occur in this population. This expertise has allowed many people who would be living in institutional settings, the opportunity to live in the community in less restrictive settings. Through our models of care, our staff provides a balanced mix of supervision, treatment and freedom that helps these community settings be nurturing environments.

With a firm belief in the therapeutic benefits of human relationships as the basis for growth and change, we challenge the individuals in our programs to become as independent as possible. We encourage them to exercise their right to take risks as well as their responsibility to actively participate in their service planning. We ensure that both our clients’ human rights and civil rights are in place, and that they are informed on self-advocacy.
CRJ’s Community Strategies Department operates 26 private shared-living residences occupied by 3 to 5 individuals and staffed 24-hours-a-day. Tailored programs include individual and group therapy and are geared to foster independence and improve living skills and pro-social behavior. Clinical supports are augmented with job development, on-the-job coaching and educational opportunities.
Budget  .
Category  Human Services, General/Other
Population Served People/Families with People of Developmental Disabilities
Program Short-Term Success       
Program Long-Term Success     
Program Success Monitored By      
Examples of Program Success     

Crime & Justice Institute

CJI provides nonpartisan policy analysis, consulting, and research services to improve public safety throughout the country. With a reputation built over many decades for innovative thinking, unbiased issue analysis, and effective policy advocacy, CJI's strength lies in our ability to bridge the gap between research, policy and practice in public institutions and communities, and provide evidence-based, results-driven recommendations. With our creative, collaborative approaches to today's most pressing and complex social and public safety problems, CJI is improving public safety and human service delivery nationwide and in Massachusetts. 
Budget  .
Category  Crime & Legal, General/Other Criminal Justice & Corrections
Population Served General/Unspecified
Program Short-Term Success      
Program Long-Term Success      
Program Success Monitored By      
Examples of Program Success     

Social Justice Services

The Social Justice Services Department encompasses the adult and youth programs of Community Resources for Justice (CRJ). We firmly believe that justice applies to every aspect of society, and not solely to the administration of laws. The Social Justice Services Department is committed to full and equal opportunities for all individuals in society, regardless of their past behaviors or circumstances.

The Department includes residential and community-based programs which focus on the specific and unique needs of our clients, while also emphasizing public safety. We partner with social service agencies and the community to provide the best services possible, and are dedicated to having a positive impact on the clients in our care and on the neighborhoods in which we are located.
The adult programs focus on reentry programming for men and women involved with county, state and federal criminal justice systems. The youth programs focus on structured and goal-oriented programming for neglected, at-risk and delinquent youth.
Staff work creatively to instill personal and community responsibility in our clients, and to advocate for the elimination of barriers to their success. Our goal is to engage them in positive lifestyle changes, preparing them for successful family reunification and community reintegration. Comprehensive and clinical case management services address issues relative to addictions, education, employment, cognitive skill development, and life skills. Our strength-based approach is intended to provide a path to satisfying, responsible, and productive citizenship.
On a daily basis, Social Justice Services staff are proud to demonstrate the Mission, Values, and Culture of CRJ.
Budget  .
Category  Human Services, General/Other
Population Served At-Risk Populations
Program Short-Term Success       
Program Long-Term Success       
Program Success Monitored By      
Examples of Program Success       

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments



CEO/Executive Director Mr. John J. Larivee
CEO Term Start Jan 1974
CEO Email [email protected]
CEO Experience John joined CRJ in 1974 as supervisor of case workers at the Deer Island House of Correction, a federal grant funded program of CRJ. Since being appointed as Deputy Director in 1975, his responsibilities have included consulting services to state and local criminal justice agencies, and government and media relations for CRJ. He has served as Chief Executive of CRJ since 1985. John serves on the Board of the Massachusetts Council of Human Service Providers and is Past President. He is Past President and a founding member of Citizens for Juvenile Justice, and Past President of the International Community Corrections Association. For the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, John has served on the Special Commission To Study the Commonwealth’s Criminal Justice System (2012), Governor’s Commission on Criminal Justice Innovation (2002), the Governor’s Advisory Council on Corrections (1989) and the Governor’s Advisory Council Youth Services (1999).
Co-CEO --
Co-CEO Term Start --
Co-CEO Email --
Co-CEO Experience --

Former CEOs and Terms

Name Start End
-- -- --

Senior Staff

Name Title Experience/Biography
William Ames VP - Disability Services Bill Coughlin is the Chief Operating Officer for Community Resources for Justice, Inc., serving in that position for 9 years. Prior to joining CRJ, Bill was the Operations Director for the Community Initiatives Division of the Community Builders, Inc., the largest not-for-profit developer of affordable housing in the country. He worked as a management and organizational consultant for over 20 years and was the Senior Consultant at the Catlin Group before deciding to return to the non-profit sector. He had previously been the Executive Director of the Leominster (MA) Community Action Committee, Inc. and of Student Programs for Urban Development (Worcester, MA). Bill earned his B.A. in History and Sociology at Holy Cross College and his J.D. from New England School of Law. He has also held positions at the Donahue Institute for Governmental Services at the University of MA and in the Graduate School of Education at UMass/Boston. Bill received a lifetime achievement award in 2009 from the Holy Cross College Lawyers Alumni Association. 
Christine Cole VP - Executive Director, Crime & Justice Institute Elyse Joined the CRJ staff in 2001 with over 30 years of experience in juvenile and adult corrections including CEO of Utah non- profit operating juvenile and adult programs, Assistant Director of the Oregon Department of Corrections, and Executive Director of Multnomah County Community Justice Department. She is also a senior Fulbright Scholar, and has served on several commissions in Utah, Oregon and Massachusetts. Elyse leads the Crime and Justice Institute ( CJI) at CRJ and is responsible for overall management , fundraising, project development and oversight. CJI works in New England and across the country providing technical assistance, research and policy development. 
Ellen Donnarumma VP - Justice Services Ellen Weiss Donnarumma has more than 25 years of experience working in business development, fund development, community, government and public relations for a wide variety of political, academic, human service and social justice causes. Ellen has held senior management and executive team positions with several of the industry leaders in the field of Community Corrections. Since joining Community Resources for Justice (CRJ) in 2006, she has held the position of Chief Development Officer and since 2011 has served as Senior Director of Business Development. Prior to CRJ, she served as Vice President of Business Development for Community Solutions, Inc. Ellen’s consulting work has provided her the opportunity to work with a variety of criminal and juvenile justice, behavioral health and child welfare agencies within the focus areas of business development, fund development and community relations. Ellen holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Marquette University. 
Richard McCrossan VP - Chief Financial Officer Rick joined CRJ in 2008. He has over 10 years experience as a Chief Financial Officer for large not-for-profits. Prior to CRJ Rick served in a similar capacity at the Massachusetts Medical Society and the New England Journal of Medicine and at the National Fire Protection Association. In the for-profit sector he held a number of financial management positions with Raytheon Company including Controller of their publishing division, D.C. Heath; Corporate Audit Manager and Manager of Budgets and Financial Controls. At CRJ Rick is responsible for Finance, Human Resources, Information Technology and Facilities Management. He holds a B.A from Boston College and an MBA from Northeastern University. 


Award Awarding Organization Year
-- -- --


Affiliation Year
Massachusetts Council of Human Service Providers --
Member of state association of nonprofits? Yes
Name of state association --

External Assessments and Accreditations

External Assessment or Accreditation Year
American Correctional Association --



CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments


Foundation Comments


Staff Information

Number of Full Time Staff 594
Number of Part Time Staff 110
Number of Volunteers 100
Number of Contract Staff 7
Staff Retention Rate % 71%

Staff Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 240
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 2
Caucasian: 327
Hispanic/Latino: 44
Native American/American Indian: 2
Other: 0
Other (if specified): 25
Gender Female: 311
Male: 329
Not Specified 0

Plans & Policies

Organization has Fundraising Plan? Under Development
Organization has Strategic Plan? Yes
Years Strategic Plan Considers 3
Management Succession Plan No
Business Continuity of Operations Plan --
Organization Policies And Procedures Yes
Nondiscrimination Policy Yes
Whistle Blower Policy Yes
Document Destruction Policy Yes
Directors and Officers Insurance Policy --
State Charitable Solicitations Permit Yes
State Registration Yes

Risk Management Provisions


Reporting and Evaluations

Management Reports to Board? Yes
CEO Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually
Senior Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually
Non Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually


Board Chair Mr. Scott Harshbarger
Board Chair Company Affiliation Casner Edwards
Board Chair Term Jan 2008 -
Board Co-Chair Gerald K. Kelley
Board Co-Chair Company Affiliation Retired
Board Co-Chair Term -

Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
Roy L. Austin Jr. Harris, Wiltshire & Grannis LLP Voting
Sandra Best Bailly Simmons College Voting
Honorable Margot K. Botsford Retired Voting
Tim Cabot Katahdin Industries --
Joseph C. Carter Massachusetts National Guard --
Jamoul Celey City Year --
Thomas J DeSimone W.S. Development Associates LLC --
Carlos Febres-Mazzei Eastdil Secured Voting
Annette Hanson Tufts Medical Center --
Scott Harshbarger Casner &Edwards, LLP --
Gerald K. Kelley Retired --
Ellen M. Lawton George Washington University --
James G. Marchetti Raytheon Company --
Judge James McHugh Retired Voting
Gerry Morrissey The MENTOR Network --
Neni Odiaga Committee for Public Counsel Services Voting
Peter Patch Patch & Associates, LLC --
Peter Tamm Goulston & Storrs --

Constituent Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Youth Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Advisory Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
Robert Barrows Bunker Hill Community College Police Department --
Erin Connors Pine Street Inn --
Erin Cournoyer UMASS Boston --
Joe Crosby Suffolk County Sheriff’s Department --
Kyndal Feinman Boston City Councilor Josh Zakim’s Office --
Karen Hannon Boston Medical Center --
Andrew Laudate United States Probation and Pretrial Services Office --
Susan Miskell Pine Street Inn --
Zezinha Mitchell Suffolk County Sheriff’s Department --
Dave Rini, Esq Boston Area Rape Crisis Center --
Joseph Smoot Suffolk County Sheriff’s Department --
Roger Wellington Pine Street Inn --

Board Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 2
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 0
Caucasian: 13
Hispanic/Latino: 1
Native American/American Indian: 0
Other: 0
Other (if specified): --
Gender Female: 4
Male: 12
Not Specified 0

Board Information

Board Term Lengths 3
Board Term Limits 0
Board Meeting Attendance % --
Written Board Selection Criteria Under Development
Written Conflict Of Interest Policy Yes
Percentage of Monetary Contributions 100%
Percentage of In-Kind Contributions --
Constituency Includes Client Representation Yes

Standing Committees

  • Board Governance
  • Executive
  • Facilities
  • Finance
  • Institutional Advancement
  • Program / Program Planning
  • Strategic Planning / Strategic Direction

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments


Foundation Comments



Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2017 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2016 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2015 (%)

Prior Three Years Total Revenue and Expense Totals

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Total Revenue $45,083,493 $43,474,895 $41,570,054
Total Expenses $45,184,191 $42,038,664 $39,773,255

Prior Three Years Revenue Sources

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Foundation and
Corporation Contributions
-- -- --
Government Contributions $0 $0 $0
    Federal -- -- --
    State -- -- --
    Local -- -- --
    Unspecified -- -- --
Individual Contributions $157,742 $91,463 $70,091
Indirect Public Support -- -- --
Earned Revenue $44,459,152 $42,431,727 $40,900,723
Investment Income, Net of Losses $405,310 $862,891 $441,776
Membership Dues -- -- --
Special Events -- $79,771 $155,594
Revenue In-Kind -- -- --
Other $61,289 $9,043 $1,870

Prior Three Years Expense Allocations

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Program Expense $39,966,206 $37,164,598 $35,005,057
Administration Expense $4,997,550 $4,666,310 $4,557,761
Fundraising Expense $220,435 $207,756 $210,437
Payments to Affiliates -- -- --
Total Revenue/Total Expenses 1.00 1.03 1.05
Program Expense/Total Expenses 88% 88% 88%
Fundraising Expense/Contributed Revenue 140% 121% 93%

Prior Three Years Assets and Liabilities

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Total Assets $31,778,210 $30,194,492 $29,123,039
Current Assets $8,367,494 $7,621,598 $7,015,200
Long-Term Liabilities $9,690,512 $8,921,897 $9,417,632
Current Liabilities $5,699,494 $5,756,513 $4,218,361
Total Net Assets $16,388,204 $15,516,082 $15,487,046

Prior Three Years Top Three Funding Sources

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
1st (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --
2nd (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --
3rd (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --

Financial Planning

Endowment Value --
Spending Policy N/A
Percentage(If selected) --
Credit Line Yes
Reserve Fund Yes
How many months does reserve cover? --

Capital Campaign

Are you currently in a Capital Campaign? No
Capital Campaign Purpose --
Campaign Goal --
Capital Campaign Dates -
Capital Campaign Raised-to-Date Amount --
Capital Campaign Anticipated in Next 5 Years? --

Short Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Current Ratio: Current Assets/Current Liabilities 1.47 1.32 1.66

Long Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Long-term Liabilities/Total Assets 30% 30% 32%

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments

Our opportunity is to broaden our sources of support from primarily government contract services to include philanthropic investment from those committed to supporting our mission. 

Foundation Comments

Financial summary data in the charts and graphs above is per the organization's IRS Form 990s. Contributions from foundations and corporations are listed under individuals when the breakout was not available.


Other Documents

No Other Documents currently available.


The Impact tab is a section on the Giving Common added in October 2013; as such the majority of nonprofits have not yet had the chance to complete this voluntary section. The purpose of the Impact section is to ask five deceptively simple questions that require reflection and promote communication about what really matters – results. The goal is to encourage strategic thinking about how a nonprofit will achieve its goals. The following Impact questions are being completed by nonprofits slowly, thoughtfully and at the right time for their respective organizations to ensure the most accurate information possible.

1. What is your organization aiming to accomplish?


2. What are your strategies for making this happen?


3. What are your organization’s capabilities for doing this?


4. How will your organization know if you are making progress?


5. What have and haven’t you accomplished so far?