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Organization DBA --
Former Names --
Organization received a competitive grant from the Boston Foundation in the past five years Yes



Mission StatementMORE »

Since 1952, the Connecticut River Watershed Council has worked to protect the watershed from source to sea - its diversity of habitats, communities and resources. As stewards of this heritage, we celebrate our four-state treasure and so collaborate, educate, organize, restore and intervene to preserve its health for generations for come. Our work informs our vision of economic and ecological abundance.

Mission Statement

Since 1952, the Connecticut River Watershed Council has worked to protect the watershed from source to sea - its diversity of habitats, communities and resources. As stewards of this heritage, we celebrate our four-state treasure and so collaborate, educate, organize, restore and intervene to preserve its health for generations for come. Our work informs our vision of economic and ecological abundance.

FinancialsMORE »

Fiscal Year July 01, 2014 to June 30, 2015
Projected Income $1,270,781.00
Projected Expense $1,248,114.00

ProgramsMORE »

  • Aquatic and Riparian Habitat Restoration
  • Arts & Recreation - Living Along the River
  • Clean Energy Production
  • Good Environmental Information
  • Healthy Waters - One River Initiative

Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2014 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2013 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2012 (%)

For more details regarding the organization's financial information, select the financial tab and review available comments.


Mission Statement

Since 1952, the Connecticut River Watershed Council has worked to protect the watershed from source to sea - its diversity of habitats, communities and resources. As stewards of this heritage, we celebrate our four-state treasure and so collaborate, educate, organize, restore and intervene to preserve its health for generations for come. Our work informs our vision of economic and ecological abundance.

Background Statement

The Connecticut River Watershed Council, one of the oldest watershed groups in America, advocates for the protection and restoration of the public’s water. We work for the water that nurtures over 2 million citizens as well as the 5,000 species of plants, insects, fish and animals that share this great basin. We have staff in four offices throughout the watershed, and thousands of volunteers in all four states that speak up, pick up, sing songs, create art, and care deeply about their watershed. We know how to influence change, remove dams, restore riverbanks, create fish passage, measure environmental health, support good economic choices, and have fun.

Impact Statement

In the last four years over 11,000 native trees and shrubs planted to enhance riparian habitat at 18 locations in MA, VT, and NH.

· 2 Since 2014 two dams removed on the Wells River in Groton, VT to open up over 26 miles of habitat and fish passage completed at Rogers Lake in Old Lyme, CT allowing alewives access to habitat blocked for over 300 years.

In 2015 was lead partner in successful $10M award by the USDA for the Long Island Sound Regional Conservation Partnership Program. CRWC will be administering $750,000 of the grant total over the next four years for riparian and instream projects that eliminate sediment and nutrient runoff from agricultural and forest lands.In 2012 launched  to host bacteria collected by watershed groups at recreational locations throughout the watershed, providing river users with quality-assured information on the cleanliness of over 156 boating and swimming locations in MA, NH,VT, and CT.


· In 2014 after 10 years of opposing our arguments the State of Vermont released a draft discharge permit that concurred with our expert testimony discrediting the existing thermal pollution permit held by the Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant in Vernon, VT. This permit overturns a 30-year administrative record that has allowed thermal pollution to adversely affect the Connecticut River.

Successful in ensuring that the 2012 restoration of the Chickley River, a cold-water fishery in Hawley, MA dredged after Tropical Storm Irene, was technically rigorous and included $75,000 in funds for vegetative restoration.
Goals for current year
Launch of spanish-language version of
With partner Applachian Mtn Club continue work on campsite and stewarship planning for the paddler's trail in MA and CT that builds on ongoing campsite construction in MA.
Effective and thoughtful advocacy that supports the implementation of a robust series of ecological, recreational, and historical studies on the impact of the five mainstem hydropower facilities up for relicensing on the mainstem Connecticut.
Implementation of at least five habitat restoration projects that include dam removal, fish passage, and riparian habitat restoration that opens improves and connects over 20 miles of valuable habitat.

Needs Statement

Needs statement for FY 15-16
To develop our staff capacity to support events and outreach commensurate with the interest in our members in their river and watershed.
To expand the number and type of opportunities for our members and friends to experience, connect, and improve their rivers.
To increase the size of our membership by 1,000 members.
To make our building more sustainable and energy efficient by switching away from fuel oil.

CEO Statement

The Connecticut River Watershed Council is one of the oldest watershed organizations in the country.  It was founded in the spirit of collaboration, technical rigor, and long-range vision and ambition.  We work in a big watershed - 11,000 square miles across four New England states.  The achievements everyone has helped bring about in the quality of our lives and environment has taken a long time and a lot of money.  As such we at the Council are thoughtful and patient and recognize that hewing to a big, bold ambition of economic and ecological abundance is hard work.  We strive to do that good work well.

Board Chair Statement

For more than decade I’ve been deeply involved with the Connecticut River Watershed Council.  This commitment reflects not just my love of the watershed, but importantly the way the Council works within itself and with the community on behalf of the environment.  As a technical professional involved with environmental issues on a daily basis, I have an appreciation for the scientific nuances that underlie today’s environmental challenges. The Council has been an articulate voice communicating positions that integrate a sophisticated understanding of scientific detail without sacrificing its grassroots approach. This link to scientific rigor is what sets us apart; when the Council advocates for an issue it stands on solid science and has a technical basis for its positions. We work constructively with governments, community members, and businesses to solve challenging problems.  However, we also know how to have fun, bring our community together and enjoy our watershed through paddling, concerts, and meaningful activities for all ages and abilities.

Geographic Area Served

In addition to the Pioneer Valley regin of MA, the Council works throughout the 11,000 square miles of the Connecticut River Watershed, which includes hundreds of towns in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire.

Organization Categories

  1. Environment - Natural Resources Conservation & Protection
  2. -
  3. -

Independent research has been conducted on this organization's theory of change or on the effectiveness of this organization's program(s)



Aquatic and Riparian Habitat Restoration

Improve and restore aquatic & riparian habitat and connectivity for resident and diadromous species throughout the watershed.
Budget  20%
Category  Environment, General/Other Natural Resources Conservation & Protection
Population Served General/Unspecified
Program Short-Term Success  Annual projects completed that connect or enhance between 3 and 20 river & stream miles.
Program Long-Term Success  Free-flowing and connected habitat sufficient to support diverse and abundant native species that support local, regional, and global ecosystems.
Program Success Monitored By  Linear miles of habitat enhanced or connected.
Examples of Program Success 
In 2013 over 9,000 linear feet of riparian habitat restored with native species.
In 2013 began construction of fish ladder for last remaining impediment on Connecticut's largest historical river herring run in Old Lyme.

Arts & Recreation - Living Along the River

Celebrate the river and promote a wide variety of opportunities to get outside in urban, rural, and suburban areas of the watershed as well as sing, learn, and create beauty as a result of interacting with the outside world.
Budget  20%
Category  Environment, General/Other Environmental Education
Population Served General/Unspecified Children and Youth (0 - 19 years)
Program Short-Term Success 
School age programs through the River of Words program in schools throughout the watershed.
Annual song concerts that celebrate people's connections to the river and watershed.
Ample opportunities provided to the general public to swim, boat, and recreated on the river with focus on first time experiences.
Program Long-Term Success  A general public that is environmentally literate and happy to engage with the individual and collective responsibilities necessary to create an ecologically and economically abundant society.
Program Success Monitored By 
Participants in proferred programs.
Geographic range of programs offered measured by state.
Number of volunteers participating in outreach events such as annual source to sea clean up.
Examples of Program Success 
River of Words Along the Connecticut River programs completed in 3 communities in MA and VT.
Dozens of curriculum tools and offerings made available at website.
Paddling trips held throughout watershed for over 100 boaters in 2013.
Annual song concert held in 2012 with over a dozen performers.
Thousands of volunteers pick up over 90 tons of trash and debris in all four states during 16th annual Source to Sea Cleanup in 2012.

Clean Energy Production

To improve the environmental footprint of our energy generating facilities.
Budget  25%
Category  Environment, General/Other Energy Resources
Population Served General/Unspecified
Program Short-Term Success 
Operating licenses and permits that continue to minimize the ecological impact of facilities with regard to their near and far-field impacts.
New and innovative technologies deployed that are widely accepted by the general public that generate energy with a smaller and more sustainable ecological footprint.
Program Long-Term Success  Energy facilities will operate in such a way that maximizes both energy generation and ecological sustainability using innovative technology.
Program Success Monitored By  Conditions of operating licenses, pollution discharges, and ambient environmental data from air and water resources.
Examples of Program Success 
Operating licenses for hydropower facilities that improve fish passage and aquatic connectivity.
Stormwater best management practices that reduce direct discharges to surface waters and enhance infiltration.
Mitigation programs that provide substantial resources for the development of recreational facilities and environmental enhancements throughout the watershed.

Good Environmental Information

Using citizen scientists and CRWC staff provide the public with clear, reliable, and accessible information about their water that supports meaningful environmental benefits.
Budget  $20.00
Category  Environment, General/Other Natural Resources Conservation & Protection
Population Served General/Unspecified
Program Short-Term Success 
Continued growth in the number of locations monitored for cleanliness for boating and swimming throughout the watershed.
Development of a temperature monitoring network consisting of widely distributed thermistor probes linked into a publicly accessible meta-network.
Nutrient monitoring network developed sufficient to gauge how small-scale and distributed restoration projects are affecting watershed health at near field and far field scales.
Program Long-Term Success  A watershed-wide volunteer monitoring network augmented by state and federal environmental information that provides accurate and timely information that is usable by the public and decision makers to make short and long term decisions about use, remediation, and protection of our water.
Program Success Monitored By 
Number of monitoring locations for bacteria, temperature, nutrients.
Use of website by the public for water cleanliness information.
Development of spanish-language version of
Examples of Program Success 
Over 3,000 unique visits to in its first two years of use.
Over 110 monitoring locations at popular swimming and boating locations in 3 states contained at
Use of CRWC collected temperature data by USFWS scientists in their fisheries restoration work.
Remediation of pollution sources in 2 towns detected by bacteria data collected by CRWC.

Healthy Waters - One River Initiative

Create and implement ambitious and consistent water quality standards across the four-state watershed
Budget  15%
Category  Environment, General/Other Water Pollution Control
Population Served General/Unspecified
Program Short-Term Success 
Data collection and analysis of diatoms, macroinvertebrates, and fish communities sufficient to develop a biological condition gradient for all ecotones within the watershed.
Improved water quality.
Rulemaking initiated in all four states to implement a biological condition gradient and natural classifications of waterbodies.
Program Long-Term Success 
Water quality criteria and standards derived from a robust data set of biological conditions that are consistent across the four-state watershed and represent ambitious goals for the restoration and protection of the public's water.
Degraded water bodies restored to standards and high quality waters protected from degradation.
Program Success Monitored By  State program development and implementation of water quality standards and classification based on these biological models.
Examples of Program Success 
Connecticut's proposed rulemaking to implement a biological condition gradient.
Massachusett's adoption of an assessment tool that considered resident cold-water fish species.

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments



CEO/Executive Director Dr. Andrew Fisk
CEO Term Start May 2011
CEO Email [email protected]
CEO Experience Previous positions included senior management positions in state government in environmental protection, marine resources, and land use planning.  Graduate degrees in environmental science and land use planning and policy.  Experience in land conservation and non-profit management through extensive board involvement in land trust and other non-profits.He has served as adjunct faculty at Bowdoin College and the University of Maine - Orono.
Co-CEO --
Co-CEO Term Start --
Co-CEO Email --
Co-CEO Experience --

Former CEOs and Terms

Name Start End
Chelsea Reiff - Gwyther Dec 2005 June 2012
Tom & Whitty Sanford Jan 1994 Dec 2004

Senior Staff

Name Title Experience/Biography
Alicea Charamut River Steward - Connecticut Alicea Charamut has been an advocate for Connecticut’s rivers and streams for nearly a decade. Alicea currently serves as the President of the Farmington Valley Chapter and on the Executive Committee of the State Council of Trout Unlimited. Her work as a volunteer leader has given her many useful skills and knowledge of water issues, which she is eager to put to work for our rivers. Alicea holds a B.S. in Biological Sciences from the University of Connecticut and has worked in Biotech and the Beverage Industries. “Stronger Together” is a mantra Alicea lives by and she looks forward to building partnerships to reach common goals for our rivers.
David Deen M.S. River Steward

David Deen is the CRWC River Steward in the Upper Valley portion of Vermont and New Hampshire, responsible for public education about issues affecting the River and its tributaries from the Massachusetts border to the headwaters at the Connecticut Lakes. David has served in the Vermont Legislature for 20 years including as chair of the Fish, Wildlife and Water Resources Committee. For 27 years he has guided his fly fishing guests in the Connecticut River watershed. David holds a MS in Environmental Science from Antioch University.

Andrea Donlon M.S. River Steward Andrea Donlon is the CRWC River Steward for Massachusetts. She has an M.S. degree in Forestry and a B.S in Mathematics. She has over 15 years experience in the environmental field, having worked in the private, public, and nonprofit sectors. Andrea conducted water quality sampling for her master’s work, was a field technician for a water quality project at the University of Vermont, and conducted water quality monitoring in many New Hampshire rivers while employed for the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.
Dana Gillette Development Director --
Angela Mrozinski M.S. Outreach & Events Director

Angie began working with the watershed council in 2010 as an AmeriCorps member and later became a member of the staff. Organizing CRWC events, preparing newsletters and annual reports, maintaining the website and outreach through social media are all things that occupy Angie’s time.

Angie graduated with an M.S. from Antioch University New England’s Environmental Advocacy and Organizing Program. During her time there, she worked on a variety of water-focused projects. Angie is from the “Great Lakes State” and got her B.S. in Natural Resources Management from Grand Valley State University in Michigan, where she also worked as an environmental educator.

Ron Rhodes River Steward

Ron Rhodes is the CRWC River Steward in the North Country portion of Vermont and New Hampshire where he manages restoration, education, and advocacy projects. Ron is a licensed fishing guide and has served for over a decade on the boards of Trout Unlimited and the White River Partnership. Ron is a graduate of Wittenberg University in Springfield (OH) where he majored in Political Science and Economics. Ron has worked in state government in Ohio and as a Congressional staffer in Washington, D.C.


Award Awarding Organization Year
Resolution & commendation for Source to Sea Cleanup State of Vermont - House of Representatives 2012
Environmental Merit Award Environmental Protection Agency 2002
Environmental Merit Award Soil & Water Conservation Service 1999
Take Pride in America Governor's Award - State of Connecticut 1988
Dedication to Natural Resource Conservation Massachusetts Department of Fish & Game 1985


Affiliation Year
-- --
Member of state association of nonprofits? No
Name of state association --

External Assessments and Accreditations

External Assessment or Accreditation Year
-- --


CRWC was established a regional organization designed to collaborate with local watershed organizations throughout the 4-state, 11, 000 square mile watershed.  Over the years we have had dozens of collaborative projects.  Most recently we are convening over a dozen organizations to present quality assured and easily understood information on river cleanliness through the website

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments

We are presently working to update the policy and procedures manual for both staff as well as the board.  Beyond those described above in this profile there are currently policies in place that govern financial controls, signature authority, non-discrimination & affirmative action, time & attendance, and leave and personal time.

Foundation Comments


Staff Information

Number of Full Time Staff 6
Number of Part Time Staff 5
Number of Volunteers 2,000
Number of Contract Staff 3
Staff Retention Rate % 100%

Staff Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 0
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 0
Caucasian: 11
Hispanic/Latino: 0
Native American/American Indian: 0
Other: 0
Other (if specified): 0
Gender Female: 5
Male: 6
Not Specified 0

Plans & Policies

Organization has Fundraising Plan? Under Development
Organization has Strategic Plan? Yes
Years Strategic Plan Considers 5
Management Succession Plan No
Business Continuity of Operations Plan No
Organization Policies And Procedures Under Development
Nondiscrimination Policy Yes
Whistle Blower Policy Yes
Document Destruction Policy Yes
Directors and Officers Insurance Policy Yes
State Charitable Solicitations Permit --
State Registration --

Risk Management Provisions

Automobile Insurance
Commercial General Insurance
Commercial General Liability
Computer Equipment and Software
Employee Benefits Liability
Employee Dishonesty
Employment Practices Liability
General Property Coverage
General Property Coverage and Professional Liability
Inland Marine and Mobile Equipment
Professional Liability
Special Event Liability
Workers Compensation and Employers' Liability
Accident and Injury Coverage

Reporting and Evaluations

Management Reports to Board? Yes
CEO Formal Evaluation and Frequency No N/A
Senior Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually
Non Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency No Annually


Board Chair Mr. James Okun
Board Chair Company Affiliation O'Reilly, Talbot, & Okun
Board Chair Term July 2014 - June 2015
Board Co-Chair --
Board Co-Chair Company Affiliation --
Board Co-Chair Term -

Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
Elizabeth Austin Retired Voting
Melody Foti Wells Fargo Investment Management Voting
David Hewitt Retired Voting
Timothy Keeney Probate Judge, CT Voting
Robert Moore Retired Voting
Melissa Ocana University of Massachusetts Voting
James Okun Environmental Consultant Voting
Ms. Cori Packer Community Volunteer Voting
Ms. Annette Spaulding Retired Voting
Brewster Sturtevant Retired Voting
Hooker Talcott Retired Voting
Humphrey Tyler Retired Voting
Lora Wondolowski Pioneer Valley Leadership Voting

Constituent Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Youth Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Advisory Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Board Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 0
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 0
Caucasian: 12
Hispanic/Latino: 1
Native American/American Indian: 0
Other: 0
Other (if specified): --
Gender Female: 6
Male: 7
Not Specified 0

Board Information

Board Term Lengths 3
Board Term Limits 3
Board Meeting Attendance % --
Written Board Selection Criteria No
Written Conflict Of Interest Policy Yes
Percentage of Monetary Contributions 100%
Percentage of In-Kind Contributions 30%
Constituency Includes Client Representation No

Standing Committees

  • Audit, Compliance and Controls
  • Development / Fund Development / Fund Raising / Grant Writing / Major Gifts
  • Executive
  • Program / Program Planning

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments


Foundation Comments



Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2014 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2013 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2012 (%)

Fiscal Year July 01, 2014 to June 30, 2015
Projected Income $1,270,781.00
Projected Expense $1,248,114.00
Form 990s

2014 Form 990

2013 Form 990

2012 Form 990

2011 Form 990

2010 Form 990

Audit Documents

2014 Audited Financials

2013 Audited Financials

2012 Audited Financials

2011 Audited Financials

2010 Audited Financials

IRS Letter of Exemption

IRS Letter of Determination

Prior Three Years Total Revenue and Expense Totals

Fiscal Year 2014 2013 2012
Total Revenue $1,029,556 $909,927 $704,514
Total Expenses $920,986 $794,491 $827,302

Prior Three Years Revenue Sources

Fiscal Year 2014 2013 2012
Foundation and
Corporation Contributions
-- -- $159,034
Government Contributions $0 $0 $0
    Federal -- -- --
    State -- -- --
    Local -- -- --
    Unspecified -- -- --
Individual Contributions $771,134 $514,916 $224,820
Indirect Public Support -- -- --
Earned Revenue $63,952 $62,737 $48,690
Investment Income, Net of Losses $175,182 $179,200 $2,150
Membership Dues -- $88,077 $78,834
Special Events -- -- --
Revenue In-Kind $19,288 $26,047 $6,213
Other -- $38,950 $184,773

Prior Three Years Expense Allocations

Fiscal Year 2014 2013 2012
Program Expense $641,311 $531,857 $546,593
Administration Expense $166,787 $152,492 $148,196
Fundraising Expense $112,888 $110,142 $132,513
Payments to Affiliates -- -- --
Total Revenue/Total Expenses 1.12 1.15 0.85
Program Expense/Total Expenses 70% 67% 66%
Fundraising Expense/Contributed Revenue 15% 21% 35%

Prior Three Years Assets and Liabilities

Fiscal Year 2014 2013 2012
Total Assets $3,131,269 $3,103,372 $3,015,720
Current Assets $520,400 $544,353 $354,165
Long-Term Liabilities $509,895 $591,756 $635,307
Current Liabilities $62,839 $61,651 $45,884
Total Net Assets $2,558,535 $2,449,965 $2,334,529

Prior Three Years Top Three Funding Sources

Fiscal Year 2014 2013 2012
1st (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --
2nd (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --
3rd (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --

Financial Planning

Endowment Value $1,546,026.00
Spending Policy Percentage
Percentage(If selected) 5.0%
Credit Line Yes
Reserve Fund Yes
How many months does reserve cover? 4.00

Capital Campaign

Are you currently in a Capital Campaign? No
Capital Campaign Purpose --
Campaign Goal --
Capital Campaign Dates -
Capital Campaign Raised-to-Date Amount --
Capital Campaign Anticipated in Next 5 Years? --

Short Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2014 2013 2012
Current Ratio: Current Assets/Current Liabilities 8.28 8.83 7.72

Long Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2014 2013 2012
Long-term Liabilities/Total Assets 16% 19% 21%

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments

The Council is continuing to refine and enhance all of its financial controls and procedures.  As our programs have grown we are receiving more grants, which has required us to continue improving our grants administration procedures in order to meet all state, federal, and private foundation requirements.  We are presently reviewing our policies around fiscal sponsorship in order to ensure we have best practices in place.  We have an active Finance Committee which meets 4 times a year and oversees the selection of auditor and manages the annual audit, sets annual investment policies, and reviews financial controls.

Foundation Comments

Financial summary data in charts and graphs are per the organization's audited financials. Contributions from foundations and corporations are listed under individuals when the breakout was not available.
Please note, the Other category above for fiscal year 2012 and 2013 reflects revenue from a gain on sale of land.  The charts and graphs above reflect total revenue, or include non-operating revenues.


Other Documents

Annual Report (2012)


The Impact tab is a section on the Giving Common added in October 2013; as such the majority of nonprofits have not yet had the chance to complete this voluntary section. The purpose of the Impact section is to ask five deceptively simple questions that require reflection and promote communication about what really matters – results. The goal is to encourage strategic thinking about how a nonprofit will achieve its goals. The following Impact questions are being completed by nonprofits slowly, thoughtfully and at the right time for their respective organizations to ensure the most accurate information possible.

1. What is your organization aiming to accomplish?


2. What are your strategies for making this happen?


3. What are your organization’s capabilities for doing this?


4. How will your organization know if you are making progress?


5. What have and haven’t you accomplished so far?