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Conservation Law Foundation, Inc.

 62 Summer Street
 Boston, MA 02110
[P] (617) 350-0990
[F] (617) 350-4030
Rosalind Waltz-Peters
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 Printable Profile (Summary / Full)
EIN 04-6149986

LAST UPDATED: 01/28/2019
Organization DBA CLF
Former Names --
Organization received a competitive grant from the Boston Foundation in the past five years Yes


Mission StatementMORE »

The Conservation Law Foundation (CLF) works to solve the most significant environmental challenges facing New England. CLF's advocates use law, economics and science to create innovative strategies that conserve natural resources, protect public health and promote vital communities in our region. Founded in 1966 and headquartered in Boston, CLF is a nonprofit, member-supported organization with offices in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Mission Statement

The Conservation Law Foundation (CLF) works to solve the most significant environmental challenges facing New England. CLF's advocates use law, economics and science to create innovative strategies that conserve natural resources, protect public health and promote vital communities in our region. Founded in 1966 and headquartered in Boston, CLF is a nonprofit, member-supported organization with offices in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

FinancialsMORE »

Fiscal Year Aug 01, 2018 to July 31, 2019
Projected Income $11,710,239.00
Projected Expense $11,752,677.00

ProgramsMORE »

  • Clean Energy and Climate Change Program
  • Clean Water and Healthy Forests Program
  • Healthy Communities and Environmental Justice Program
  • Ocean Conservation Program

Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2017 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2016 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2015 (%)

For more details regarding the organization's financial information, select the financial tab and review available comments.


Mission Statement

The Conservation Law Foundation (CLF) works to solve the most significant environmental challenges facing New England. CLF's advocates use law, economics and science to create innovative strategies that conserve natural resources, protect public health and promote vital communities in our region. Founded in 1966 and headquartered in Boston, CLF is a nonprofit, member-supported organization with offices in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Background Statement

Founded in 1966, CLF protects New England’s environment for the benefit of all people. We use the law, science and the market to create solutions that preserve our natural resources, build healthy communities and sustain a vibrant economy. CLF operates advocacy centers in Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine and Rhode Island. In coordination with this geographic structure, CLF’s work is organized into four substantive program areas: Ocean Conservation; Clean Energy and Climate Change; Healthy Communities and Environmental Justice; and Clean Water and Healthy Forests. CLF’s approach to environmental advocacy is distinguished by our close involvement with local communities; our ability to design and implement effective strategies; and our capacity for developing innovative and economically sound solutions to our region’s environmental challenges.

Impact Statement

Key accomplishments: 
1. Oceans: 
Creation of Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, the first marine national monument in the Atlantic Ocean, and expansion by 20x the federal waters protected from commercial extractive activities. 
2. Clean Energy and Climate Change: 
Near-completion of New England's transition away from coal, becoming the first region in the country to move away from the most polluting energy source, due to closure of remaining coal-fired power plants.
3. Transportation and Environmental Justice
Agreement with MassPort to improve the environmental performance at Logan International Airport, including adoption of electric vehicles, support for mass transportation, and energy efficiency. 
4. Food and Farms
Dramatic expansion of Legal Food Hub, providing pro-bono legal services for small and organic farmers, food businesses, and local  and sustainable agriculture.
5. Clean Water
Successful Clean Water Act programs in Massachusetts and elsewhere to reduce toxic pollutants and nitrogen runoff
1. Maintain progress toward marine protected areas and defend the nearly-extinct North Atlantic Right Whale
2. Address and reverse the expansion of natural gas infrastructure and promote renewable energy and energy efficiency
3. Expand Legal Food Hub and support for local farm and food businesses with legal and policy support
4. Clean key waterways in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and elsewhere 

Needs Statement

CLF works to solve the most significant environmental challenges facing New England. CLF's advocates use law, economics and science to create innovative strategies that conserve natural resources, protect public health and promote vital communities in our region. CLF seeks unrestricted gifts of all kinds as well as gifts and grants targeted towards its four principal areas of programmatic activity: Clean Energy and Climate Change; Clean Water and Healthy Forests; Healthy Communities and Environmental Justice; and Ocean Conservation.

CEO Statement

At CLF, we believe that healthy communities and a clean environment are a right for all New Englanders, not a privilege for the few. Our work since 1966 has focused on actively protecting all parts of New England’s environment, including everything from oceans to river to mountains, from parks to forests, from big cities to small towns, from Maine to Rhode Island. Every day, we use the law, science, and the market to develop innovative, pragmatic solutions to New England’s toughest challenges, in order to make New England a better place to live, work and play for everyone.

Board Chair Statement


Geographic Area Served

Massachusetts-All Regions
City of Boston- Citywide (Indiv. neighborhoods also listed)
City of Boston- Allston/ Brighton
City of Boston- Beacon Hill/ West End
City of Boston- Charlestown
City of Boston- North Dorchester
City of Boston- South Dorchester
City of Boston- Downtown
City of Boston- East Boston
City of Boston- Hyde Park
City of Boston- Mattapan
City of Boston- Roxbury
City of Boston- South Boston
City of Boston- Harbor Islands
City of Boston- South End/Bay Village
New England

Organization Categories

  1. Environment - Alliances & Advocacy
  2. Environment - Energy Resources Conservation & Development
  3. Environment - Water Resource, Wetlands Conservation & Management

Independent research has been conducted on this organization's theory of change or on the effectiveness of this organization's program(s)



Clean Energy and Climate Change Program

The Clean Energy and Climate Change Program focuses on improving air quality, combating global climate change, promoting and siting renewable energy sources, and advocating for energy efficiency.
Budget  $1,183,514.00
Category  Environment, General/Other Climatic Change
Population Served General/Unspecified
Program Short-Term Success 

The goal of CLF’s Coal-Free New England campaign is to help shut down inefficient, obsolete coal-fired power plants throughout the region, having already witnessed the decision of two plants in Massachusetts to effectively shut down their operations permanently, either immediately or within the next couple of years – Somerset Station in Somerset, MA and Salem Harbor Station in Salem, MA. This work is alreadyhaving powerful precedential effects – reshaping national law and policy to pave the way for these old plants to retire. Removing these plants from the landscape will ensure a cleaner environment, a healthier citizenry, and a more rapid transition to renewable power. On the transportation front, CLF continues to advocate for a regional Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) for the northeast and mid-Atlantic region. We are also engaging in advocacy toinform the development and implementation of a rigorous national low carbon fuel policy.

Program Long-Term Success  The overarching goal of CLF’s Clean Energy and Climate Change Program is to advance actions and policies that reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in New England to 20 percent below 1990 levels by 2020 and 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050. We continue to believe that because progress on this front is lagging at the national level, regional work is vital and will be the key to combat effectively the threat of climate change. In order to meet this ambitious and critical goal, the New England states must diminish their reliance on GHG-intensive fossil fuel-fired energy generation and transportation.
Program Success Monitored By  --
Examples of Program Success 
  • Massachusetts and Rhode Island joined the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, achieving CLF's goal of bringing all New England states into a market-based compact to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil-fueled power plants.
  • With CLF's backing, Cape Wind clears an important state environmental review as Secretary of Environment and Energy Ian Bowles approves the project's Final Environmental Impact Report.
  • CLF's advocacy forced two coal-fired power plants in Massachusetts to effectively shut down their operations permanently, either immediately or within the next couple of years – Somerset Station in Somerset, MA and Salem Harbor Station in Salem, MA.

Clean Water and Healthy Forests Program

The Clean Water and Healthy Forests Program focuses on forest and waterways protection, including combating the effects of acid rain, stormwater runoff, sprawl and pollution on our waterways and wildlands.
Budget  $175,694.00
Category  Environment, General/Other Water Pollution Control
Population Served General/Unspecified
Program Short-Term Success  The waters on Cape Cod, and elsewhere, contain an excess of phosphorus and nitrogen, the sources of which are fertilizer runoff from agriculture and lawns, animal waste from confined animal feeding operations, and human sewage improperly treated by septic systems. This excess in nutrients can and does lead to algae blooms, depletion of oxygen in the water, and subsequent fish kills – thus creating virtual dead zones in these bodies of water. CLF has taken legal action against the EPA for their failure to control nutrient pollution on Cape Cod. Elsewhere, throughout the region, CLF has continued to push for stricter limits on nitrogen and phosphorus pollution.
Program Long-Term Success 

New England’s water bodies, from Lake Champlain to the Long Island Sound, are inextricably linked to our region’s economic, cultural, and physical well-being. Some saline, some fresh, they provide scenic spots for recreation, habitat for wildlife, food from fishing, and drinking water. CLF’s Clean Water program is dedicated to safeguarding New England’s great waters for the health and enjoyment of all.

New England’s forests are integral to the health of our environment. They play a key role in water quality and storage and, as carbon collectors, provide our best natural defense against climate change. Forests are peaceful places that provide critical habitat for wildlife and abundant opportunity for outdoor recreation. And, when harvested sustainably, forest products can provide viable alternatives to fossil fuels in the form of biomass energy. Striking the delicate balance among uses to ensure forests’ long-term sustainability requires vigilance and vision.
Program Success Monitored By  --
Examples of Program Success 
  • The Environmental Protection Agency, at CLF's urging, issued a draft permit requiring the Merrimack Station power plant to cool to install and operate year-round a modern cooling system that will decrease the plant’s discharge of heated water by nearly 100 percent, thereby protecting aquatic life.
  • Protected Vermont's forest by overturning the allowance of ATVs on public lands.

Healthy Communities and Environmental Justice Program

The Healthy Communities and Environmental Justice Program focuses on transit-oriented development, environmentally sound land use practices, transportation reform, and farm and food policy advocacy and services, with an emphasis on the needs of underserved populations.
Budget  $543,792.00
Category  Environment, General/Other
Population Served Poor,Economically Disadvantaged,Indigent At-Risk Populations
Program Short-Term Success 

· In the Boston area, we continue to advocate for the Commonwealth to comply with its legal commitment to build the Green Line Extension; and adhere to new project deadlines for the Fairmount Line improvements. We have also made progress with building a strong advocacy base to advance transit finance reform. Beyond the city, we have continued to be involved in public transportation projects throughout New England, including advocating for high-speed rail development.


Program Long-Term Success  An essential element of a well-functioning community is the infrastructure of a well-designed and effective public transit system. Not only is this a necessary part of creating a fully-networked urban community, it is also vital to helping achieve a reduction in carbon emissions throughout the region. Reducing the number of vehicles on the road can only be achieved if there are viable alternative modes of transportation for the region’s commuters and residents. CLF is committed to pursuing this goal and has continued to work towards it over the past year.
Program Success Monitored By  --
Examples of Program Success 
  • Together, with Roxbury and South End community groups, CLF won a court victory requiring Boston University and the National Institutes of Health to step up their risk analysis of a proposed ultra-hazardous biological research facility.
  • State environmental officials dealt a near-fatal blow to a proposed oil-fueled power plant in the environmental justice community of Chelsea, MA.  CLF represented area residents opposed to the plant, which was planned on the banks of Chelsea Creek across the street from an elementary school.

Ocean Conservation Program

The Ocean Conservation Program focuses on sustainable fisheries management and marine environmental protection. CLF’s advocates work to protect endangered wildlife and underwater habitat in New England’s ocean waters, and to build a more sustainable future for our fisheries and coastal communities.
Budget  $806,123.00
Category  Environment, General/Other Marine Conservation
Population Served Other Named Groups Poor,Economically Disadvantaged,Indigent
Program Short-Term Success 

CLF has continues its deep involvement in the habitat management plan process, which has included consideration of management options for essential fish habitat and a subset of essential fish habitat known as Habitat Areas of Particular Concern (HAPCs)—the most protective fish habitat designation under federal fishery law. As part of this work, we have actively participated in all of the meetings of the New England Fishery Management Council’s (NEFMC) Habitat Committee and its Plan Development Team and recently put forth a proposal to protect three of New England’s most outstanding underwater treasures—Cashes Ledge, Stellwagen Bank and the offshore canyons. It is our hope and expectation that the plan will result in protection of an array of essential fish habitat areas throughout New England’s ocean waters, including some of CLF’s priority conservation areas.

Program Long-Term Success 

The Atlantic Ocean is one of New England’s most distinguishing features, its vast beauty a fundamental part of our sense of place. But all that the ocean provides — tourism, recreation, sustenance, and commerce — is under threat from overfishing, industrial development, pollution, and climate change.

CLF is playing a leadership role in addressing these issues, working to create sustainable fisheries, protect special places, manage ocean sprawl, and fight ocean pollution. Using innovative approaches backed by sound science, and legal advocacy, CLF aims to protect ocean ecosystems and help our coastal communities thrive.

Program Success Monitored By  --
Examples of Program Success 
  •  CLF was instrumental in the development of Rhode Island’s Ocean Special Area Management Plan (SAMP), a comprehensive ocean use plan.
  • CLF was very involved in the passage of the Massachusetts Ocean Act, the first ocean management plan in the country.
  • CLF and WWF-Canada released a major scientific report calling for a network of ocean conservation areas to protect critical ocean wildlife and habitat in the ocean waters off New England.
  • Congress strengthened the CLF-backed Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, the nation's key ocean fisheries law. CLF successfully pressed for modest, but important, improvements to fisheries management around the country and in New England.

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments



CEO/Executive Director Mr. Bradley M. Campbell
CEO Term Start Sept 2015
CEO Email
CEO Experience

For the past 25 years, Bradley M. Campbell has been at the forefront of shaping the country's most significant environmental policies and laws. A former White House senior appointee during the Clinton administration, Brad was the Regional Administrator at the US EPA Mid-Atlantic Region, and served as Commissioner of the NJ Department of Environmental Protection.

In 2006 Brad launched a law firm with a focus on issues involving the environment, energy, entrepreneurship, and science.

Brad has a wide range of experience overseeing large public agencies, developing strategic litigation, and negotiating innovative agreements that have resulted in environmental milestones in New England and across the US.

As Commissioner of the NJ DEP, Brad set the toughest standards in the nation to protect coastal areas, streams, and rivers from stormwater pollution; initiated and negotiated the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative to control greenhouse gas emissions from power plants; and developed and secured permanent protection for more than 800,000 acres of watershed lands under threat of development in New Jersey's Highlands region.

His achievements as the principal of Bradley M. Campbell LLC include successful litigation on behalf of a low-income community to remedy contamination of local drinking water; negotiation of power purchase agreements, leases, and financing documents supporting development of commercial and utility-scale solar energy projects; and litigation proceedings arising from catastrophic oil and chemical spills.

Concurrent with his law practice, Campbell founded Swan Creek Energy, LLC, a renewable energy development firm responsible for several of the largest commercial-scale solar projects in New Jersey.

Campbell lectures and writes regularly on major legal and policy issues. His op-ed criticizing Governor Chris Christie's Exxon settlement, “Shortchanging New Jersey by Billions,” was recently published in The New York Times.

Co-CEO --
Co-CEO Term Start --
Co-CEO Email --
Co-CEO Experience --

Former CEOs and Terms

Name Start End
Mr. John Kassel May 2009 Dec 2014
Mr. Philip Warburg Aug 2003 2008

Senior Staff

Name Title Experience/Biography
Dr. Priscilla Brooks VP and Director, Oceans Conservation Priscilla Brooks is Vice President and Director of Ocean Conservation, focusing on protecting marine habitat and wildlife and building healthy fishing communities. Before joining CLF in 1994, she performed extensive research on seafood marketing and trade, as well as aquaculture economics. In addition, she has worked on recreational fishing boats and research vessels in waters from Labrador to the Caribbean. Priscilla holds a BS from Cornell University as well as an MS and PhD in environmental and resource economics from the University of Rhode Island
Ms. Amy Laura Cahn VP and Director, Healthy Communities and Environmental Justice Amy Laura Cahn is Director of the Healthy Communities & Environmental Justice program. Amy Laura joins CLF after six years advocating on environmental, land, and food justice at the Public Interest Law Center in Philadelphia, where her work was honored through a resolution by the Philadelphia City Council. At the Law Center, she was Director of the Garden Justice Legal Initiative, launched as a Skadden Fellow, and an environmental justice staff attorney, notably serving as legal counsel to residents in the floodplain community of Eastwick in addressing its legacies as the nation’s largest urban renewal project.
Mr. Greg Cunningham VP and Director, Clean Energy and Climate Change Program

Greg Cunningham is a VP and Director of CLF’s Clean Energy and Climate Change program. Greg joined CLF in 2008 after 10 years at Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, where he was a shareholder and helped to develop its environmental practice group. Prior to that, Greg was a partner in a toxic tort litigation firm.

He recently served as the Chair of the Natural Resources Section of the Maine State Bar Association and co-authored the Maine Environmental Law Handbook published by Government Institutes. Additionally, he has been a state-appointed member of the Maine Indian Tribal State Commission since 2004.

Cunningham received his J.D. from Franklin Pierce Law Center, a Masters in Studies of Environmental Law from Vermont Law School and his undergraduate degree from Colby College.

Ms. Jennifer Duggan VP and Director, CLF Vermont
Jennifer Duggan is Director of CLF's Vermont Advocacy Center.
Before joining CLF in April 2018, Jennifer spent three years as the General Counsel of the Vermont Agency for Natural Resources (ANR), where she worked on a range of issues and managed an overhaul of legal services at the agency. Prior to ANR, Jennifer worked for the DC-based Environmental Integrity Project (EIP).
Ms. Heather Govern VP and Director, Clean Water and Healthy Forests Program

Heather Govern is the Director for the Clean Water and Healthy Forests Program. Heather joined CLF after spending four years as a staff attorney with the National Environmental Law Center, where she litigated against large corporations in violation of the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act.

Heather holds a J.D. from Northeastern University School of Law, a Master in Environmental Law and Policy Center from Vermont Law School, and a B.A. from Amherst College. During law school, she was a legal intern with the Environmental Enforcement Section of the U.S. Department of Justice and a law clerk for Chief Justice Ralph D. Gants of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.

Ms. Carol Gregory VP and Director of Communications and Marketing

Carol Gregory is Vice President of Communications and Marketing for CLF. In this role Carol develops and oversees external communication and marketing initiatives including media relations, online engagement, and development communications.

Carol has more than 20 years of strategic communications, marketing, and broadcast journalism experience. Following a career in television, where she produced and wrote national and syndicated television specials and documentaries, she turned her attention to elevating the message of advocacy organizations. She has held leadership roles at a wide range of nonprofits including Greenpeace, YMCA of Metropolitan Washington, and Amnesty International USA.

From 2009 to 2012 Carol served on the Board of Directors for the Audubon Naturalist Society, the oldest independent environmental organization in the Metropolitan Washington area that connects conservation activities with environmental education.

Carol is a graduate of Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Ms. Cynthia Hallenbeck Interim CFO --
Mr. Tom Irwin VP and Director, CLF New Hampshire Tom Irwin is Vice President and Director of CLF New Hampshire. Having joined CLF in 1998, Tom has led a number of advocacy initiatives in New Hampshire over the years, including CLF’s initiative to protect the Great Bay Estuary, as well as a number of smart growth, transportation, water quality and land use initiatives. In addition to practicing in these areas, he also is engaged in advocacy addressing projects of major concern to the state, such as the proposed Northern Pass electric transmission project. Before joining CLF, Tom practiced at the Manchester, New Hampshire law firm of Devine, Millimet & Branch, with a focus on civil litigation. Prior to his work in the private sector, Tom worked as Judicial Law Clerk to the Honorable Justice Caroline D. Glassman of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court in Portland. He earned his J.D. and an M.S. in Environmental Law and Policy, both magnum cum laude, from Vermont Law School, and his B.A. from Wesleyan University. Tom serves on the Board of Trustees of the Five Rivers Conservation Trust as well as the City of Concord’s Transportation Policy Advisory Committee.  He also is a member of the Public Protection Committee of the N.H. Bar Association.
Mr. Chris Kilian VP of Strategic Litigation Christopher Kilian is Vice President and Director of CLF Vermont. He is also the Director of Clean Water and Healthy Forests. Prior to his work at CLF, Chris spent eight years with the Vermont Natural Resources Council. In 1998, Chris received the Charlie Shaw Conservation Partnership Award from the National Wildlife Federation. He received his BA in Political Science from the University of Rochester and his law degree and Masters in Environmental Law from Vermont Law School, cum laude. Chris’ admissions include: State of Vermont, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Federal District Court for the District of Vermont.
Mr. Sean Mahoney EVP, and Director, CLF Maine

Sean Mahoney is Vice President and Director of CLF’s Maine Advocacy Center. Prior to joining CLF in 2007, Sean practiced environmental law in San Francisco and Portland, ME for 15 years, where he represented a variety of commercial and non-governmental entities in all aspects of state and federal environmental litigation and permitting.

At CLF, Mahoney focuses on marine conservation and sustainability, climate change and restoring and protecting Maine’s rivers and coastal watersheds.

Mahoney, a resident of Falmouth, received his J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law and his undergraduate degree from Bowdoin College. He was a Judicial Law Clerk for the Honorable Fred I. Parker, U.S. District Court for the District of Vermont and served as a Peace Corps volunteer in Sri Lanka. Mahoney has been recognized as a leading lawyer in his field by a number of organizations, including the respected legal research and publishing firm, Chamber & Partners. He has served on a number of boards, including GrowSmart Maine (chair), Gulf of Maine Research Insitute, Konbit Sante and the Falmouth Land Trust.

Ms. Amy Moses VP and Director, CLF Rhode Island

Amy Moses is Vice President and Director of CLF Rhode Island. Before joining CLF, Amy was Deputy Counsel to Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo. She has served as a law clerk in Rhode Island’s state and federal courts and spent several years as a litigation associate at Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom LLP. Before attending law school, she was a program development coordinator for the R.I. Chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union and a conservation organizer for the R.I. Chapter of the Sierra Club.

Amy earned a B.S. in Environmental Economics and Policy from the University of California, Berkeley and a J.D. from The George Washington University School of Law. She is admitted to practice in Rhode Island, Massachusetts, the U.S. District Court for the District of Rhode Island, the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, and the U.S. Supreme Court.

Amy was recognized as the 2017 Newsmaker by R.I. Lawyers Weekly, the R.I. Women’s Bar Association, and the R.I. Chapter of the Federal Bar Association.

Ms. Alyssa Rayman-Read VP and Director, CLF Massachusetts

Alyssa Rayman-Read is Vice President and Director of CLF's Massachusetts Advocacy Center.

Alyssa has focused her career on reducing inequalities that undermine working families and on protecting and enhancing rights of vulnerable populations. Before joining CLF in March 2018, Alyssa advised Northeastern University’s senior executive team on labor relations, strategic communications, and organizational development. Prior to her work at Northeastern, she investigated and prosecuted unfair labor practice complaints across New England at the National Labor Relations Board. Alyssa has also been a policy journalist, editor, and writer in a variety of settings, all aimed at translating complex legal and legislative concepts to diverse audiences.

Ms. Kate Saunders VP for Development

Kate Saunders is Vice President for Development for CLF, a role she has held since 2013. In her role, Kate oversees all of CLF’s development activities, and manages the development team. Prior to CLF, Kate worked at The Trustees of Reservations, where she was Vice President for Advancement, a position she held since 2006. She joined The Trustees of Reservations in 2000 as Capital Campaign Director. In that role, she planned and executed a $100 million Landscapes and Landmarks Campaign, the largest capital campaign for a conservation organization in Massachusetts history. Prior to The Trustees of Reservations, Kate worked in major gifts and campaigns at Harvard School of Public Health, Children’s Hospital Boston and Massachusetts Audubon Society.

Kate holds two degrees from Dartmouth College: a Bachelor of Arts in Art History and a Master of Arts in Liberal Studies.

Ms. Maggie Super Church VP and Director, Market Innovation and Impact

Maggie Super Church is CLF’s Vice President for Market Innovation and Impact. Before joining in 2018, she served as a consultant and adviser to CLF on the Healthy Neighborhoods Equity Fund and the Healthy Neighborhoods Study. For over twenty years Maggie has been a consultant and non-profit leader on both the state and national level in urban planning, real estate and community development, and environmental protection.

At CLF she is leading the creation and evaluation of market-based solutions to environmental, community and public health challenges, and the integration of Ventures with core CLF programs.

Maggie earned her master’s degree in City Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she was the recipient of the Wallace Floyd Award for City Design and Development and the MIT/DUSP Excellence in Public Service Award.

She is a 1994 Truman Scholar and holds a master’s degree in Urban Design from the Edinburgh College of Art and a BA in Architecture from Yale University. Her work has been featured by the U.S. EPA, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and Non-Profit Finance Fund, and NPR Marketplace. She is a member of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s County Health Rankings Scientific Advisory Committee, and a Corporator and CRA Committee member at The Savings Bank. Maggie was honored to receive a Conservation Hero award from the National Park Service in 2015 for service to Groundwork USA, where she served as Board Chair from 2010 to 2015.


Award Awarding Organization Year
-- -- --


Affiliation Year
-- --
Member of state association of nonprofits? Yes
Name of state association --

External Assessments and Accreditations

External Assessment or Accreditation Year
Charity Navigator - 4 Star Rating (2013) 2016



CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments


Foundation Comments


Staff Information

Number of Full Time Staff 69
Number of Part Time Staff 7
Number of Volunteers 25
Number of Contract Staff 1
Staff Retention Rate % --

Staff Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 7
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 2
Caucasian: 64
Hispanic/Latino: 3
Native American/American Indian: 0
Other: 0
Other (if specified): --
Gender Female: 53
Male: 23
Not Specified 0

Plans & Policies

Organization has Fundraising Plan? Yes
Organization has Strategic Plan? Under Development
Years Strategic Plan Considers --
Management Succession Plan No
Business Continuity of Operations Plan No
Organization Policies And Procedures Yes
Nondiscrimination Policy Yes
Whistle Blower Policy Yes
Document Destruction Policy Yes
Directors and Officers Insurance Policy Yes
State Charitable Solicitations Permit Yes
State Registration --

Risk Management Provisions


Reporting and Evaluations

Management Reports to Board? Yes
CEO Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually
Senior Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually
Non Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually


Board Chair Ms. Sara Molyneaux
Board Chair Company Affiliation Community Volunteer
Board Chair Term Oct 2012 -
Board Co-Chair --
Board Co-Chair Company Affiliation --
Board Co-Chair Term -

Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
Mr. Daniel Amory Drummond Woodsum Voting
Ms. M. Robin Barone Esq. Vermont Law School Voting
Mr. Bradley M. Campbell Conservation Law Foundation Exofficio
Ms. Alice Chamberlin Community Volunteer Voting
Mr. Eugene H. Clapp Penobscot Investment Management Co., Inc. Voting
Mr. Don Comb Ph.D. New England Biolabs, Inc. NonVoting
Ms. Veronica Eady California Air Resources Baord NonVoting
Dr. David W. Ellis Ph.D. Retired Voting
Mr. Andy Falender Retired Voting
Mr. Douglas I. Foy Serrafix Corporation Voting
Ms. Paula Gold Esq. Community Volunteer NonVoting
Mr. John T. Goodhue MA Green High Performance Computing Center Voting
Mr. Gordon Hall III The Hall Company, Inc. Voting
Mr. Whitney Hatch The Trust for Public Land Voting
Ms. Thea James Community Volunteer Voting
Mr. EkOngKar Singh "EK" Khalsa Amah Mutsun Land Trust Voting
Ms. Kate Kilguss Esq. Community Volunteer Voting
Mr. Paul W. Lee Goodwin Procter LLP Voting
Mr. Richard Lisle Community Volunteer NonVoting
Ms. Sharon H. Malt Ropes & Gray, LLP Voting
Mr. Travis McCready Massachusetts Life Sciences Center Voting
Ms. Sara Molyneaux Community Volunteer Voting
Mr. Michael Moskow Community Volunteer NonVoting
Mr. Peter Nessen Nessen and Associates, Ltd. Voting
Ms. Lois Schiffer Community Volunteer Voting
Ms. Thaleia T. Schlesinger Schlesinger & Associates Voting
Mr. Stuart V. Smith Jr. Community Volunteer NonVoting
Mr. John M. Teal Ph.D. Community Volunteer NonVoting

Constituent Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Youth Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Advisory Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Board Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 3
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 1
Caucasian: 23
Hispanic/Latino: 0
Native American/American Indian: 0
Other: 1
Other (if specified): South Asian/Middle Eastern
Gender Female: 10
Male: 18
Not Specified 0

Board Information

Board Term Lengths 3
Board Term Limits 3
Board Meeting Attendance % --
Written Board Selection Criteria Yes
Written Conflict Of Interest Policy Yes
Percentage of Monetary Contributions 93%
Percentage of In-Kind Contributions --
Constituency Includes Client Representation Yes

Standing Committees

  • Audit
  • Board Governance
  • Development / Fund Development / Fund Raising / Grant Writing / Major Gifts
  • Finance
  • Nominating

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments


Foundation Comments



Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2017 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2016 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2015 (%)

Prior Three Years Total Revenue and Expense Totals

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Total Revenue $11,343,652 $8,228,974 $10,013,981
Total Expenses $9,439,409 $8,744,501 $7,909,692

Prior Three Years Revenue Sources

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Foundation and
Corporation Contributions
-- -- --
Government Contributions $0 $0 $0
    Federal -- -- --
    State -- -- --
    Local -- -- --
    Unspecified -- -- --
Individual Contributions $10,445,238 $7,036,219 $8,449,232
Indirect Public Support -- -- --
Earned Revenue $529,408 $791,069 $749,561
Investment Income, Net of Losses $328,695 $349,983 $815,188
Membership Dues -- -- --
Special Events -- -- --
Revenue In-Kind -- -- --
Other $40,311 $51,703 --

Prior Three Years Expense Allocations

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Program Expense $7,114,480 $6,487,606 $5,601,408
Administration Expense $1,299,066 $1,432,641 $1,565,015
Fundraising Expense $1,025,863 $824,254 $743,269
Payments to Affiliates -- -- --
Total Revenue/Total Expenses 1.20 0.94 1.27
Program Expense/Total Expenses 75% 74% 71%
Fundraising Expense/Contributed Revenue 10% 12% 9%

Prior Three Years Assets and Liabilities

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Total Assets $21,460,979 $19,003,699 $19,522,834
Current Assets $7,425,313 $5,773,399 $5,541,541
Long-Term Liabilities $1,091,932 $1,276,405 $0
Current Liabilities $646,484 $889,028 $2,101,404
Total Net Assets $19,722,563 $16,838,266 $17,421,430

Prior Three Years Top Three Funding Sources

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
1st (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --
2nd (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --
3rd (Source and Amount) -- --
-- --
-- --

Financial Planning

Endowment Value $9,784,806.00
Spending Policy Percentage
Percentage(If selected) 5.0%
Credit Line No
Reserve Fund No
How many months does reserve cover? --

Capital Campaign

Are you currently in a Capital Campaign? No
Capital Campaign Purpose --
Campaign Goal --
Capital Campaign Dates -
Capital Campaign Raised-to-Date Amount --
Capital Campaign Anticipated in Next 5 Years? Yes

Short Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Current Ratio: Current Assets/Current Liabilities 11.49 6.49 2.64

Long Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Long-term Liabilities/Total Assets 5% 7% 0%

CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments


Foundation Comments

Financial summary data in the charts and graphs above is per the organization's IRS Form 990s. Contributions from foundations and corporations are listed under individuals when the breakout was not available.
Please note: Conservation Law Foundation's affiliate organizations are profiled in the audited financial documents above.


Other Documents

No Other Documents currently available.


The Impact tab is a section on the Giving Common added in October 2013; as such the majority of nonprofits have not yet had the chance to complete this voluntary section. The purpose of the Impact section is to ask five deceptively simple questions that require reflection and promote communication about what really matters – results. The goal is to encourage strategic thinking about how a nonprofit will achieve its goals. The following Impact questions are being completed by nonprofits slowly, thoughtfully and at the right time for their respective organizations to ensure the most accurate information possible.

1. What is your organization aiming to accomplish?


2. What are your strategies for making this happen?


3. What are your organization’s capabilities for doing this?


4. How will your organization know if you are making progress?


5. What have and haven’t you accomplished so far?